Indian tales. The tale of the Taj Mahal and the great love.
So, the tale is told… A long time ago in a wonderful Dreamland of India, there lived a Shah Jahan – “the Ruler of the world”.
In 1592 birthplace of the ruler by the Mughal Prince Khurram, a descendant of Tamerlane. When he turned 15 he met a beautiful girl, Arjumand the Banu Lam, the daughter of his chief Minister father, she was a year younger than the Prince.
His beloved, Shah Jahan met at the market, she was selling wooden beads and was so beautiful that cheap crafts seemed to Prince diamonds of pure water. Arjuman was the daughter of the vizier closest to the Sultan and niece of his beloved wife.
Young people passionately in love with each other, but the heir to the throne was prepared for another marriage. Traditional political Alliance was concluded between the Prince and the Persian Princess.
However, to the lovers ‘ happiness, according to the laws of Islam, a man can have 4 wives. After a long five years, never videosis during this time, Khurram and Arjumand was finally able to get married. During the wedding ceremony, the bride got a new name, given to her by the groom’s father — Mumtaz Mahal (Ornament of the Palace). Others preferred the name Taj-I-Mahal – “Crown of the Palace”.
In 1628 the Prince also takes a new name of Shah Jahan (Ruler of the World), he ascends to the throne of the Empire. Shah Jahan patronized the arts and construction. Structures built upon it, struck the imagination of Europeans more than all the other monuments created by the Great Mughals. The ruler belonged, and legendary gems — the Kohinoor diamond and ruby Tamerlane.
The Prince loved his nineteen-year-old darling that he could not part with her for an hour, she accompanied him even in the campaigns.
The young wife dearly loved each other. Despite the fact that Shah Jahan, the same as any Oriental ruler, had a large harem, he was so in love with his young wife that he did not pay any attention to other women. Beloved wife bore her Lord eight sons and six daughters. But soon after the birth of their fourteenth child, Mumtaz beauty did not. Before she died, she begged the Emperor never to marry and to honor her memory such a mausoleum the likes of which never was and never will be.
The grief of Shah Jahan was so great that he wanted to commit suicide. Life without his beloved seemed to him devoid of meaning and joy. At the deathbed of the wife of king turned grey from grief. Grief was inconsolable ruler, Shah Jahan spent cooped up eight days and eight nights, and on the ninth he came out of his chambers and the aged subjects reported that declares to the whole country mourning. And soon announced the country’s two-year mourning period, during which celebrations were banned, dance and music.
It was forbidden to wear bright clothing and any jewelry, use cosmetics and fragrances, as well as a ban were any entertainment and music.
At the same time grieving husband vowed to build in memory of his beloved wife the most incredible tomb in the world: the same beautiful, majestic and gentle, which was the best of women, Mumtaz Mahal. Future the mausoleum was named, the Taj Mahal — one of its variants.
Later, in Agra, the former capital of the Mughal Empire, over the tomb of Mumtaz ascended the mausoleum, which according to the plan of Shah Jahan has become a symbol of dream-like beauty of his deceased wife. Shah Jahan kept his word. The walls were covered with cornelians, turquoises, lapis lazuli, corals, pearls and malachite, internal screens were made of hammered gold and decorated with precious stones.
In the work took part more than twenty thousand people, including the best architects invited from Persia, Turkey, Samarkand, Venice and India. And still days the mausoleum amazes with its perfection and beauty
In 1632 began construction of the great buildings in the name of Love. By 1643, the main building complex, a white mausoleum, it was completed. Work on the construction of two identical mosques that are located symmetrically on both sides of the mausoleum, the imposing entrance gate and garden continued until about 1653.
There is a legend that after construction, all the workers cut off the hands, but it is only a legend. Actually, after a complex and painstaking work with stones for 15 hours a day, and built the Taj Mahal for 22 years, people simply had nothing to do, the fingers did not obey them and they became disabled.