The mysteries of the island of Malta. Who first settled on the island? Some experts say that the CRO-magnons, other – Atlanta. However, no clear trace of the latter still not found. But the island is so little studied that version of the Atlantians are not excluded. It is known that the island is often passed from hands in hands. Lived the peoples who left behind the layering of cultures, none of which are yet to be determined. The island belonged at the time of the Cretans and Cypriots, Egyptians and the ancient Sicilians. Was ruled by Greeks, Phoenicians, Romans. The winds brought the ships here many conquerors, the Byzantines, the Goths, the Arabs, the Spaniards, the Normans, the Turks.
The Greek capital of the island was the city, which is now called Mdina. If you come down from its fortress walls to the valley, where you can see the ruins of the cyclopean temples. They are very ancient. One of them is Turciansky – created at the beginning of the third Millennium BC But it is built on the Foundation of an even more ancient. Continue reading
Romanesque art that originated at the first Christian relations of the West with Asia, marks the first steps of architecture, working their way up in the light, ischadium from the East. Some attempts are not consistent, but everywhere one and the same aspiration: to cover the Church vaults. And, of course, the right decision is the one that was used by the Romans in their three-nave halls: groin, giving the opportunity to highlight them blocked the aisle.
Note: According to the terminology of G. Sedlmayr — “baldachins arch”. Cm. “History of architecture in selected passages”, M. 1935 ed in the BAA, article “the First architectural system of the middle ages” (p. 157). Main latest works devoted to the leading issues of Gothic architecture: R. Lasteyrie, L’architecture religieuse en France a l epoque gothique. I—II, 1926-1927; Karlinger H. Die Kunst der Gotik, 1927; E. Gall Die Gotische Baukunst, I, 1925; Clasen in “Handb. d. Kunstwissenschaft”, 1930.
But, not being able to implement cross-vaulting for Roman model, i.e. monolithic concrete, hesitate to build them out of stone, pritesannye without special care. However, this imperfect arch is a risk to build only the small bays of the aisles,when it comes to the main aisle, begin fluctuations, the implementation becomes difficult, stability is questionable. Resort to various tricks. Continue reading
Masters and Finials
(construction of Gothic cathedrals in Western Europe)
– What are you doing? – addressed to the masters of the stranger.
– Hew the stone, that he said first.
I don’t see clay rowed, – muttered the second.
– I’m building Chartres Cathedral, ‘ said the third.
An old proverb
The dimensions of the Cathedral – that was a matter of prestige and rivalry of cities. Famous temples of the Greeks inferior in magnitude even the most “mediocre” temples of the middle ages. The Parthenon housed under Cathedral arches, as a major exhibit in the exhibition hall. Continue reading