Stained glass is a major form of artistic glass in the Gothic era; this is partly explained by the fact that, unlike Romanesque architecture, Gothic Church buildings increases the area of Windows. Compared with Romanesque stained glass Windows in Gothic more condensed notes and deep color. So, darken the blue color, and unpainted glass appear occasionally and are used to obtain brilliant points. Thus for the sake of saving often used grisaille, and not only in borders, where they are used to put by a brush of vegetable ornament, but also for backgrounds. In the twelfth century for the purpose of stained glass was the coverage, in the thirteenth century its function changed: it is designed to teach decorating. At high altitude we often see images of people in cresciute placed under the arcades or under the arch. Purely ornamental elements — veteniary ornament, finials, palmettos are becoming increasingly rare. In the XIV century on the borders of the stained glass Windows there are small human figures.
Great Gothic cathedrals of France were created in one of the most colourful and dynamic eras of Western civilization. Gained strength the process of becoming secular world, in a way comparable to modern. However, the spiritual side was strong and full of life. Continue reading
One of the buildings of the Gothic style
Initially the term “Gothic” refers only to the architecture. In a few words to describe this direction as eerily majestic construction.
First Gothic style in architecture was established in France in the 12th century, and later spread to all European space. A little later the Gothic style penetrated in the East, and stayed there for a very long time by purchasing an original national features. Of great interest are the Gothic buildings of Spain, England, Czech Republic and France. Particularly original style developed in Italy, where he entered with great difficulty and the result was separate “Italian Gothic”.
This Gothic style at its core, is based on the heritage of Roman culture, and mostly for Burgundian architecture. However Gothic initially rejected the main feature of the Romanesque style – massive walls, towers, small Windows-slits and semi-circular arches. Instead of a Lancet arch with a long narrow top, used a more ornate facade of buildings, widely used the stained-glass Windows and other architectural innovations. Continue reading
Romanesque art that originated at the first Christian relations of the West with Asia, marks the first steps of architecture, working their way up in the light, ischadium from the East. Some attempts are not consistent, but everywhere one and the same aspiration: to cover the Church vaults. And, of course, the right decision is the one that was used by the Romans in their three-nave halls: groin, giving the opportunity to highlight them blocked the aisle.
Note: According to the terminology of G. Sedlmayr — “baldachins arch”. Cm. “History of architecture in selected passages”, M. 1935 ed in the BAA, article “the First architectural system of the middle ages” (p. 157). Main latest works devoted to the leading issues of Gothic architecture: R. Lasteyrie, L’architecture religieuse en France a l epoque gothique. I—II, 1926-1927; Karlinger H. Die Kunst der Gotik, 1927; E. Gall Die Gotische Baukunst, I, 1925; Clasen in “Handb. d. Kunstwissenschaft”, 1930.
But, not being able to implement cross-vaulting for Roman model, i.e. monolithic concrete, hesitate to build them out of stone, pritesannye without special care. However, this imperfect arch is a risk to build only the small bays of the aisles,when it comes to the main aisle, begin fluctuations, the implementation becomes difficult, stability is questionable. Resort to various tricks. Continue reading