Famous architectural works of our world
Architecture is a curious phenomenon of human civilization.
The Roman engineer and architect mark Vitruvius in the first century BC are right that it is based on considerations of durability, utility and beauty. This is true, however, such a pragmatic approach is clearly not able to explain the striking differences in the styles of architectural structures that have appeared in different countries and different peoples. Its shape and the sculptures of the ancient temples of India did not correlate with the great pyramids of Giza and Mesoamerica. Stately building, which built by the ancient Khmers, it is not like openwork design of Chinese pagodas. To the Gothic cathedrals of Europe, the construction of which lasted sometimes for centuries, can hardly apply the notion of feasibility. Continue reading
Romanesque art that originated at the first Christian relations of the West with Asia, marks the first steps of architecture, working their way up in the light, ischadium from the East. Some attempts are not consistent, but everywhere one and the same aspiration: to cover the Church vaults. And, of course, the right decision is the one that was used by the Romans in their three-nave halls: groin, giving the opportunity to highlight them blocked the aisle.
Note: According to the terminology of G. Sedlmayr — “baldachins arch”. Cm. “History of architecture in selected passages”, M. 1935 ed in the BAA, article “the First architectural system of the middle ages” (p. 157). Main latest works devoted to the leading issues of Gothic architecture: R. Lasteyrie, L’architecture religieuse en France a l epoque gothique. I—II, 1926-1927; Karlinger H. Die Kunst der Gotik, 1927; E. Gall Die Gotische Baukunst, I, 1925; Clasen in “Handb. d. Kunstwissenschaft”, 1930.
But, not being able to implement cross-vaulting for Roman model, i.e. monolithic concrete, hesitate to build them out of stone, pritesannye without special care. However, this imperfect arch is a risk to build only the small bays of the aisles,when it comes to the main aisle, begin fluctuations, the implementation becomes difficult, stability is questionable. Resort to various tricks. Continue reading
With the construction of St. Isaac’s Cathedral due to the emergence of a number
publications. On the facade they correspond to eight six-column
the porticos. Indian, Gothic taste, Byzantine style and style
Renaissance I. Montferrand has begun to develop working drawings and
the model of the Cathedral . Gothic architecture — Wikipedia * From city cathedrals first in the Gothic style.
Plan (no Western entrance, entrance from the side of the facade, the courtyard is for
Cathedral. the names of forgotten medieval masters, drawings
buildings of the . Continue reading