The mysteries of the island of Malta. Who first settled on the island? Some experts say that the CRO-magnons, other – Atlanta. However, no clear trace of the latter still not found. But the island is so little studied that version of the Atlantians are not excluded. It is known that the island is often passed from hands in hands. Lived the peoples who left behind the layering of cultures, none of which are yet to be determined. The island belonged at the time of the Cretans and Cypriots, Egyptians and the ancient Sicilians. Was ruled by Greeks, Phoenicians, Romans. The winds brought the ships here many conquerors, the Byzantines, the Goths, the Arabs, the Spaniards, the Normans, the Turks.
The Greek capital of the island was the city, which is now called Mdina. If you come down from its fortress walls to the valley, where you can see the ruins of the cyclopean temples. They are very ancient. One of them is Turciansky – created at the beginning of the third Millennium BC But it is built on the Foundation of an even more ancient. Continue reading
Beautiful ancient city of Prague has many beautiful places, literally breathing with history. But one of the main attractions is the old town surface, the heart of the city, whose buildings form a whimsical palette of architectural styles.
The history of the square
In the XIV century the city built and fortified around the Prague Castle, expanded to the right Bank of the Vltava river. The history of the square goes back centuries: in 1091 on the site of the old town square was bustling Czech market. It is a beautiful place in the center of which stands the statue of Jan HUS, a Czech national hero and eloquent ideologist of the Czech reformation. Also here you can see and a visit to Tyn Church, Kinsky Palace and St. Nicolas Church.
Old Town Hall
The most famous building in the old town square, which appears in many films, is the old town hall, a remarkably well-preserved since the XIV century. Continue reading
Babylon for centuries was the political, cultural and scientific center of the ancient East . the capital of the Babylonian Empire, the famous “gates of Ishtar”, “the hanging gardens of Babylon”, the ziggurat “Etemenanki” – “the tower of Babel”.
Babylon was the capital of the scientific, world-famous for his unique expertise in astrology, geometry, geography, navigation, and cuneiform.
According To Herodotus . visited Babylon about the middle of V century BC, the city stretched along both banks of the Euphrates as a huge quadrangle. Two rows of the Babylonian wall had a length of about 90 kilometers.
In the early 1900’s the German expedition of archaeologist Robert Koldewey discovered a third belt of the Babylonian wall. His thick, they are not inferior to the walls of the Assyrian Dur Sharrukin . If all the bricks of the walls to pull in one line, it would have girded the globe at the equator 12 – 15 times. Continue reading