The legacy of ancient Greek architecture is the basis for all further development of world architecture and related monumental art. The reasons for this sustained impact of Greek architecture lie in its objective qualities: simplicity, truthfulness, clarity of the compositions, the harmoniousness and proportionality of total and forms of all parts, in plasticity organic connection of architecture and sculpture, in close unity of the architectural and aesthetic and structural-tectonic elements sooruzheniy. Ancient Greek architecture featured a full line of forms and their design bases, were a whole. Basic design — stone blocks of which the walls were laid. Columns, entablature (lying on the support column overlap) treated with different profiles, has acquired the decorative details, enriched with sculpture. The Greeks brought the processing of architectural structures and fixtures to the highest degree of perfection and refinement. These structures can be called giant works of jewelry art, in which the master was nothing minor. Continue reading
Stained glass is a major form of artistic glass in the Gothic era; this is partly explained by the fact that, unlike Romanesque architecture, Gothic Church buildings increases the area of Windows. Compared with Romanesque stained glass Windows in Gothic more condensed notes and deep color. So, darken the blue color, and unpainted glass appear occasionally and are used to obtain brilliant points. Thus for the sake of saving often used grisaille, and not only in borders, where they are used to put by a brush of vegetable ornament, but also for backgrounds. In the twelfth century for the purpose of stained glass was the coverage, in the thirteenth century its function changed: it is designed to teach decorating. At high altitude we often see images of people in cresciute placed under the arcades or under the arch. Purely ornamental elements — veteniary ornament, finials, palmettos are becoming increasingly rare. In the XIV century on the borders of the stained glass Windows there are small human figures.
Great Gothic cathedrals of France were created in one of the most colourful and dynamic eras of Western civilization. Gained strength the process of becoming secular world, in a way comparable to modern. However, the spiritual side was strong and full of life. Continue reading
Famous architectural works of our world
Architecture is a curious phenomenon of human civilization.
The Roman engineer and architect mark Vitruvius in the first century BC are right that it is based on considerations of durability, utility and beauty. This is true, however, such a pragmatic approach is clearly not able to explain the striking differences in the styles of architectural structures that have appeared in different countries and different peoples. Its shape and the sculptures of the ancient temples of India did not correlate with the great pyramids of Giza and Mesoamerica. Stately building, which built by the ancient Khmers, it is not like openwork design of Chinese pagodas. To the Gothic cathedrals of Europe, the construction of which lasted sometimes for centuries, can hardly apply the notion of feasibility. Continue reading