Studies show that centralized water systems were built before the onset of a new era. The length of the Roman aqueducts was significant and could exceed 90 miles. It’s hard to imagine how people could create such large-scale facilities, without additional technical means and simple Handtools. Similar work was carried out on the territory of our country, about the middle of the XV century.
The first communications were brought to the Moscow Kremlin, and this fact is quite understandable and explainable. A few thousand years or centuries ago, the builders were the real heroes. They have not had the opportunity to buy pipe wrenches and cost inefficient expedients. Continue reading
In the North Caucasus revealed the ancient structure, comparable in scale with the pyramids of Giza
We used to think that the main megaliths on the planet is concentrated in Egypt, South America, China. Our dolmens, which are conventionally referred to megalithic structures, pyramids and “great walls” look like dwarfs. But recently in the North Caucasus had discovered the mysterious system of underground structures. So, in Kabardino-Balkaria near the village Zayukovo opened a mysterious multi-kilometer tunnels. The researchers suggest that they connected ancient settlements that existed on our planet thousands of years ago. It is curious that all the tunnels are concentrated around a huge underground structure in the form of an upturned pyramid… Continue reading
Romanesque art that originated at the first Christian relations of the West with Asia, marks the first steps of architecture, working their way up in the light, ischadium from the East. Some attempts are not consistent, but everywhere one and the same aspiration: to cover the Church vaults. And, of course, the right decision is the one that was used by the Romans in their three-nave halls: groin, giving the opportunity to highlight them blocked the aisle.
Note: According to the terminology of G. Sedlmayr — “baldachins arch”. Cm. “History of architecture in selected passages”, M. 1935 ed in the BAA, article “the First architectural system of the middle ages” (p. 157). Main latest works devoted to the leading issues of Gothic architecture: R. Lasteyrie, L’architecture religieuse en France a l epoque gothique. I—II, 1926-1927; Karlinger H. Die Kunst der Gotik, 1927; E. Gall Die Gotische Baukunst, I, 1925; Clasen in “Handb. d. Kunstwissenschaft”, 1930.
But, not being able to implement cross-vaulting for Roman model, i.e. monolithic concrete, hesitate to build them out of stone, pritesannye without special care. However, this imperfect arch is a risk to build only the small bays of the aisles,when it comes to the main aisle, begin fluctuations, the implementation becomes difficult, stability is questionable. Resort to various tricks. Continue reading