Studies show that centralized water systems were built before the onset of a new era. The length of the Roman aqueducts was significant and could exceed 90 miles. It’s hard to imagine how people could create such large-scale facilities, without additional technical means and simple Handtools. Similar work was carried out on the territory of our country, about the middle of the XV century.
The first communications were brought to the Moscow Kremlin, and this fact is quite understandable and explainable. A few thousand years or centuries ago, the builders were the real heroes. They have not had the opportunity to buy pipe wrenches and cost inefficient expedients. Continue reading
Don land keeps many secrets. We have such places that go to the most incredible legends. Some of them are real mysteries for researchers.
Ten years ago in the don steppe, 120 kilometers from Rostov, were found huge standing stones, vaguely reminiscent of their British location of an ancient temple of the Sun – Stonehenge. The discovery was immediately dubbed the don Stonehenge, and a place where there are rocks, Valley of stones.
However, unlike the British facilities don does not consist of stone circles (blocks, topped by cross-stones) and large upright standing stones, called menhirs. According to the results of geological expertise, the age of the rocks a minimum of 7 thousand years BC So the don megaliths much of ancient British and other well-known nowadays. And, according to the researchers, it even suggests that the megalithic culture originated in the don by going later in the Scythian tradition of making stone sculptures. Continue reading
Stained glass is a major form of artistic glass in the Gothic era; this is partly explained by the fact that, unlike Romanesque architecture, Gothic Church buildings increases the area of Windows. Compared with Romanesque stained glass Windows in Gothic more condensed notes and deep color. So, darken the blue color, and unpainted glass appear occasionally and are used to obtain brilliant points. Thus for the sake of saving often used grisaille, and not only in borders, where they are used to put by a brush of vegetable ornament, but also for backgrounds. In the twelfth century for the purpose of stained glass was the coverage, in the thirteenth century its function changed: it is designed to teach decorating. At high altitude we often see images of people in cresciute placed under the arcades or under the arch. Purely ornamental elements — veteniary ornament, finials, palmettos are becoming increasingly rare. In the XIV century on the borders of the stained glass Windows there are small human figures.
Great Gothic cathedrals of France were created in one of the most colourful and dynamic eras of Western civilization. Gained strength the process of becoming secular world, in a way comparable to modern. However, the spiritual side was strong and full of life. Continue reading