The legacy of ancient Greek architecture is the basis for all further development of world architecture and related monumental art. The reasons for this sustained impact of Greek architecture lie in its objective qualities: simplicity, truthfulness, clarity of the compositions, the harmoniousness and proportionality of total and forms of all parts, in plasticity organic connection of architecture and sculpture, in close unity of the architectural and aesthetic and structural-tectonic elements sooruzheniy. Ancient Greek architecture featured a full line of forms and their design bases, were a whole. Basic design — stone blocks of which the walls were laid. Columns, entablature (lying on the support column overlap) treated with different profiles, has acquired the decorative details, enriched with sculpture. The Greeks brought the processing of architectural structures and fixtures to the highest degree of perfection and refinement. These structures can be called giant works of jewelry art, in which the master was nothing minor. Continue reading
Babylon for centuries was the political, cultural and scientific center of the ancient East . the capital of the Babylonian Empire, the famous “gates of Ishtar”, “the hanging gardens of Babylon”, the ziggurat “Etemenanki” – “the tower of Babel”.
Babylon was the capital of the scientific, world-famous for his unique expertise in astrology, geometry, geography, navigation, and cuneiform.
According To Herodotus . visited Babylon about the middle of V century BC, the city stretched along both banks of the Euphrates as a huge quadrangle. Two rows of the Babylonian wall had a length of about 90 kilometers.
In the early 1900’s the German expedition of archaeologist Robert Koldewey discovered a third belt of the Babylonian wall. His thick, they are not inferior to the walls of the Assyrian Dur Sharrukin . If all the bricks of the walls to pull in one line, it would have girded the globe at the equator 12 – 15 times. Continue reading
Koy-krylgan-Kala – the Fortress of lost rams
In the vast expanses of the steppes of the Khorezm scattered ruins of a thousand fortresses, but truly unique are the ruins of a Fortress of lost rams – Koy-krylgan-Kala. The fortress was discovered by archaeologists accidentally Khorezm expedition in 1938. Archaeologists surprised, first of all, unprecedented in Khorezm form of an ancient building: a powerful citadel with the remnants of defensive walls were not square and not rectangular, as it used to see, and round. Outside the fortifications had the form of a correct circle in the center of which was the citadel, it was surrounded by an outer defensive wall with towers. The space between the Central building and the wall – “the ring” as it is called – was fully built up. The clay construction was enormous: the diameter of the Central building is 42 m, height in the best-preserved part was about 8 m, the diameter of the entire structure is about 90 m. Continue reading