Studies show that centralized water systems were built before the onset of a new era. The length of the Roman aqueducts was significant and could exceed 90 miles. It’s hard to imagine how people could create such large-scale facilities, without additional technical means and simple Handtools. Similar work was carried out on the territory of our country, about the middle of the XV century.
The first communications were brought to the Moscow Kremlin, and this fact is quite understandable and explainable. A few thousand years or centuries ago, the builders were the real heroes. They have not had the opportunity to buy pipe wrenches and cost inefficient expedients. Continue reading
Don land keeps many secrets. We have such places that go to the most incredible legends. Some of them are real mysteries for researchers.
Ten years ago in the don steppe, 120 kilometers from Rostov, were found huge standing stones, vaguely reminiscent of their British location of an ancient temple of the Sun – Stonehenge. The discovery was immediately dubbed the don Stonehenge, and a place where there are rocks, Valley of stones.
However, unlike the British facilities don does not consist of stone circles (blocks, topped by cross-stones) and large upright standing stones, called menhirs. According to the results of geological expertise, the age of the rocks a minimum of 7 thousand years BC So the don megaliths much of ancient British and other well-known nowadays. And, according to the researchers, it even suggests that the megalithic culture originated in the don by going later in the Scythian tradition of making stone sculptures. Continue reading
Architecture with birth carries the idea of domination over the native environment. The first extant building type of the stone age, which counts the time history of architecture, — menhirs, upright block of stone. She proudly declares itself in the surrounding landscape, underlined by contrasting the horizontal of the earth its aspiration to the sky. This may sound naive, but from here, from the menhir, has direct access to the Russian bell towers, Gothic cathedrals and the skyscrapers of Manhattan.
Starting with the archaic pore architecture has always sought to master the landscape, occupy a most favorable position to become dominant. Castle, Church, manor invariably find their place on an elevated point of relief, as if mastering a natural situation and spreading around the specific field of his architectural influence. Little has changed the merits of this approach. One of the founders of modern architecture — Le Corbusier said, commenting on his plan: architecture spreads its waves in the surrounding natural landscape like a sounding bell. Continue reading