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Masters and Finials

Historical excursions

Masters and Finials

(construction of Gothic cathedrals in Western Europe)

– What are you doing? – addressed to the masters of the stranger.

– Hew the stone, that he said first.

I don’t see clay rowed, – muttered the second.

– I’m building Chartres Cathedral, ‘ said the third.

An old proverb

The dimensions of the Cathedral – that was a matter of prestige and rivalry of cities. Famous temples of the Greeks inferior in magnitude even the most “mediocre” temples of the middle ages. The Parthenon housed under Cathedral arches, as a major exhibit in the exhibition hall. Continue reading

Notre-Dame de Reims

The Gothic style emerged in the architecture of France in the XII century, and today the country has preserved so many monuments of this style, awesome and unique: each is in its own way, ranging from small chapels to huge, majestic and awe inducing Cathedral.

The most significant works of the Gothic era – the masterpieces of this style in France, includes three of the Cathedral in Chartres, Amiens and Reims.

Reims is the largest city in the champagne – the world-famous French province, and is situated on the plain, on the river vel. The city is surrounded by mountains and vineyards, and its population today is not too great – only about 200 thousand people.

However, Reims is the cradle of the whole of France, and one of the first Christian cities in the country. Continue reading

Donetsk

You are about to see became a symbol throughout Spain the beautiful Cathedral of the Holy family or Sagrada Familia , is a creation of genius architect Antonio Gaudi. The construction of this unique building started in 1882 and is still ongoing. It should be emphasized that funding of the construction at the expense of private donations and the sale of excursion tickets.

According to the project of Spanish architect Antoni Gaudi (1852-1926), the Cathedral to have three facade — South facade of the passion of Christ, the Glory of the East facade, the North facade of the Nativity of Christ and eighteen towers. Twelve of them, in height from 98 to 112 m dedicated to the apostles. Four more tower height of 120 m symbolize the evangelists — Luke, Matthew, John and Mark. These towers will be located around 170-meter tower of Jesus Christ, surmounted by a giant cross. Just below is the bell tower of the virgin Mary. According to experts, the construction will be completed by 2026. However have not finished the Cathedral has become one of the symbols of Barcelona and a UNESCO world heritage site. Continue reading

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