The legacy of ancient Greek architecture is the basis for all further development of world architecture and related monumental art. The reasons for this sustained impact of Greek architecture lie in its objective qualities: simplicity, truthfulness, clarity of the compositions, the harmoniousness and proportionality of total and forms of all parts, in plasticity organic connection of architecture and sculpture, in close unity of the architectural and aesthetic and structural-tectonic elements sooruzheniy. Ancient Greek architecture featured a full line of forms and their design bases, were a whole. Basic design — stone blocks of which the walls were laid. Columns, entablature (lying on the support column overlap) treated with different profiles, has acquired the decorative details, enriched with sculpture. The Greeks brought the processing of architectural structures and fixtures to the highest degree of perfection and refinement. These structures can be called giant works of jewelry art, in which the master was nothing minor. Continue reading
Famous architectural works of our world
Architecture is a curious phenomenon of human civilization.
The Roman engineer and architect mark Vitruvius in the first century BC are right that it is based on considerations of durability, utility and beauty. This is true, however, such a pragmatic approach is clearly not able to explain the striking differences in the styles of architectural structures that have appeared in different countries and different peoples. Its shape and the sculptures of the ancient temples of India did not correlate with the great pyramids of Giza and Mesoamerica. Stately building, which built by the ancient Khmers, it is not like openwork design of Chinese pagodas. To the Gothic cathedrals of Europe, the construction of which lasted sometimes for centuries, can hardly apply the notion of feasibility. Continue reading
Job. Compare the “Doriphor” and “Apoxiomen”. Try to identify the difference in the embodiment of the image of the athlete in the works of polykleitos and [lisippa].
Teacher (after discussion). The famous “Apoksiomen” [lisippa] differs from ‘ Doryphoros of polykleitos more dynamic pose (think that he now changes his posture), elongated proportions. It’s two canons from different eras. Lisipp concedes old, priletevshiy the Canon of the human figure to create a new, significantly light weight. In this new head Canon is not 1/7, but only 1/8 of the total growth.
The sphere is impersonal, it is not a portrait of a particular person, and the image of a certain human type, an idealized image of the person. Heroes become much like ordinary people. Continue reading