The legacy of ancient Greek architecture is the basis for all further development of world architecture and related monumental art. The reasons for this sustained impact of Greek architecture lie in its objective qualities: simplicity, truthfulness, clarity of the compositions, the harmoniousness and proportionality of total and forms of all parts, in plasticity organic connection of architecture and sculpture, in close unity of the architectural and aesthetic and structural-tectonic elements sooruzheniy. Ancient Greek architecture featured a full line of forms and their design bases, were a whole. Basic design — stone blocks of which the walls were laid. Columns, entablature (lying on the support column overlap) treated with different profiles, has acquired the decorative details, enriched with sculpture. The Greeks brought the processing of architectural structures and fixtures to the highest degree of perfection and refinement. These structures can be called giant works of jewelry art, in which the master was nothing minor. Continue reading
Studies show that centralized water systems were built before the onset of a new era. The length of the Roman aqueducts was significant and could exceed 90 miles. It’s hard to imagine how people could create such large-scale facilities, without additional technical means and simple Handtools. Similar work was carried out on the territory of our country, about the middle of the XV century.
The first communications were brought to the Moscow Kremlin, and this fact is quite understandable and explainable. A few thousand years or centuries ago, the builders were the real heroes. They have not had the opportunity to buy pipe wrenches and cost inefficient expedients. Continue reading
Don land keeps many secrets. We have such places that go to the most incredible legends. Some of them are real mysteries for researchers.
Ten years ago in the don steppe, 120 kilometers from Rostov, were found huge standing stones, vaguely reminiscent of their British location of an ancient temple of the Sun – Stonehenge. The discovery was immediately dubbed the don Stonehenge, and a place where there are rocks, Valley of stones.
However, unlike the British facilities don does not consist of stone circles (blocks, topped by cross-stones) and large upright standing stones, called menhirs. According to the results of geological expertise, the age of the rocks a minimum of 7 thousand years BC So the don megaliths much of ancient British and other well-known nowadays. And, according to the researchers, it even suggests that the megalithic culture originated in the don by going later in the Scythian tradition of making stone sculptures. Continue reading