Between Evpatoria and Crimea resort Saki is the majestic hill of Kara-Tobe, where was located the ancient Greek-Scythian settlement, excavated and restored to life by professional archaeologists. Excavations on this site were only s year, so the hill the penalty-Tobe became exhibit relatively recently, when, in this mysterious place, it was decided to create a unique Museum under the open sky, available visiting the Crimea tour.
During the tour of the ancient city-Museum we can visualize tradition, culture and life of the ancient Scythian tribes living side by side with the enlightened Greek colonizers. Such cooperation between the two Nations has given rise to a certain commonality of culture, which is most clearly manifested in the objects of everyday life, and many conflicts. Among the most attractive sights of the hill of Kara-Tobe – preserved ruins of the once powerful ancient fortress Eupatorion, founded in the year 110 BC. Continue reading
Zverinetsky cave, a place of power
Zverinetsky complex of caves has long been considered one of the most enigmatic sacred places of Kiev . It is open for visits today. Everyone has the opportunity to explore the ancient corridors Zvirynetski caves. Of course, by the length they are smaller than caves of Kiev-Pechersk Lavra, but, nevertheless, are the place that for hundreds of years been hid from human eyes. Archaeologists assessing finds made here with confidence call Zverinetsky cave is the oldest cave monastery on the territory of Kievan Rus .
It is said that this cave area was inhabited from long ago. But for the first time the caves were discovered only in the XIX century . Most likely people lived here hundreds of years before. Continue reading
Romanesque art that originated at the first Christian relations of the West with Asia, marks the first steps of architecture, working their way up in the light, ischadium from the East. Some attempts are not consistent, but everywhere one and the same aspiration: to cover the Church vaults. And, of course, the right decision is the one that was used by the Romans in their three-nave halls: groin, giving the opportunity to highlight them blocked the aisle.
Note: According to the terminology of G. Sedlmayr — “baldachins arch”. Cm. “History of architecture in selected passages”, M. 1935 ed in the BAA, article “the First architectural system of the middle ages” (p. 157). Main latest works devoted to the leading issues of Gothic architecture: R. Lasteyrie, L’architecture religieuse en France a l epoque gothique. I—II, 1926-1927; Karlinger H. Die Kunst der Gotik, 1927; E. Gall Die Gotische Baukunst, I, 1925; Clasen in “Handb. d. Kunstwissenschaft”, 1930.
But, not being able to implement cross-vaulting for Roman model, i.e. monolithic concrete, hesitate to build them out of stone, pritesannye without special care. However, this imperfect arch is a risk to build only the small bays of the aisles,when it comes to the main aisle, begin fluctuations, the implementation becomes difficult, stability is questionable. Resort to various tricks. Continue reading