paris

The Cathedral of the twentieth century

The Cathedral of the twentieth century

Not one among several, and the only one designed by the architect such as built in évry (Evry), 30 km South from Paris.

Hearing about it was in the year of completion of construction, 1995. Then in June I went to the place to “see” with Evry Hiking in the cathedrals, which I then took.

Because Paris has its “Golden ring” – the cathedrals, the Gothic, separated from the capital of 80-150 km, the main features of repeating of Notre Dame. Feature its Gothic – the lack of the spires on the towers; they have the “perfect Gothic Cathedral” (the word Viole-Le-Duc) – Chartres. In Saint-Denis, however, were the spires, until one of them broke the zipper in the early 19th century.

The Cathedral of Evry summer. Continue reading

Gothic architecture

Start browsing the Gothic architecture I want with the Sagrada Familia in Barcelona. This is one of my favorite pieces of architecture.

Sagrada Familia, Sagrada família (Catalan. Temple Expiatori de la Sagrada Família) is located North of the Old City of Barcelona (Catalonia, Spain) in the Eixample district. The construction of the temple started in 1882 and still not completed.

The project of the Cathedral was originally designed by architect Mr. Francesco del Villar (del Villar Francesco), which is a year after the start of construction was replaced by Antonio Gaudi. Gaudi completely redesigned the project, completing it in a mixture of styles of art Nouveau and modernism. The financing of the construction was done by subscription, donations from the Catholic community and state grants.

Construction history: 1882-1926 Continue reading

Gothic architecture

Romanesque art that originated at the first Christian relations of the West with Asia, marks the first steps of architecture, working their way up in the light, ischadium from the East. Some attempts are not consistent, but everywhere one and the same aspiration: to cover the Church vaults. And, of course, the right decision is the one that was used by the Romans in their three-nave halls: groin, giving the opportunity to highlight them blocked the aisle.

Note: According to the terminology of G. Sedlmayr — “baldachins arch”. Cm. “History of architecture in selected passages”, M. 1935 ed in the BAA, article “the First architectural system of the middle ages” (p. 157). Main latest works devoted to the leading issues of Gothic architecture: R. Lasteyrie, L’architecture religieuse en France a l epoque gothique. I—II, 1926-1927; Karlinger H. Die Kunst der Gotik, 1927; E. Gall Die Gotische Baukunst, I, 1925; Clasen in “Handb. d. Kunstwissenschaft”, 1930.

But, not being able to implement cross-vaulting for Roman model, i.e. monolithic concrete, hesitate to build them out of stone, pritesannye without special care. However, this imperfect arch is a risk to build only the small bays of the aisles,when it comes to the main aisle, begin fluctuations, the implementation becomes difficult, stability is questionable. Resort to various tricks. Continue reading

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