Between Evpatoria and Crimea resort Saki is the majestic hill of Kara-Tobe, where was located the ancient Greek-Scythian settlement, excavated and restored to life by professional archaeologists. Excavations on this site were only s year, so the hill the penalty-Tobe became exhibit relatively recently, when, in this mysterious place, it was decided to create a unique Museum under the open sky, available visiting the Crimea tour.
During the tour of the ancient city-Museum we can visualize tradition, culture and life of the ancient Scythian tribes living side by side with the enlightened Greek colonizers. Such cooperation between the two Nations has given rise to a certain commonality of culture, which is most clearly manifested in the objects of everyday life, and many conflicts. Among the most attractive sights of the hill of Kara-Tobe – preserved ruins of the once powerful ancient fortress Eupatorion, founded in the year 110 BC. Continue reading
Seven wonders of the world – this is a list of the most famous sights of antiquity (antiquity – Greco-Roman civilization, in all its manifestations). Lists of the seven wonders of the few, first appeared in the fourth century BC, but classical is like this: the Pyramid of Cheops, the Hanging gardens of Babylon, colossus of Rhodes, Mausoleum of Halicarnassus, lighthouse of Alexandria, Statue of Zeus at Olympia, Temple of Artemis at Ephesus.
Pyramid of Cheops – the only one of the “seven wonders of the world”, Dostoevskii to the present day. It is the greatest of the Egyptian pyramids. It was built from blocks of limestone, granite, basalt about twenty years. Before the construction of the Cathedral in Lincoln (England) in the fourteenth century, the pyramid of Cheops was the tallest building on earth. Continue reading
Romanesque art that originated at the first Christian relations of the West with Asia, marks the first steps of architecture, working their way up in the light, ischadium from the East. Some attempts are not consistent, but everywhere one and the same aspiration: to cover the Church vaults. And, of course, the right decision is the one that was used by the Romans in their three-nave halls: groin, giving the opportunity to highlight them blocked the aisle.
Note: According to the terminology of G. Sedlmayr — “baldachins arch”. Cm. “History of architecture in selected passages”, M. 1935 ed in the BAA, article “the First architectural system of the middle ages” (p. 157). Main latest works devoted to the leading issues of Gothic architecture: R. Lasteyrie, L’architecture religieuse en France a l epoque gothique. I—II, 1926-1927; Karlinger H. Die Kunst der Gotik, 1927; E. Gall Die Gotische Baukunst, I, 1925; Clasen in “Handb. d. Kunstwissenschaft”, 1930.
But, not being able to implement cross-vaulting for Roman model, i.e. monolithic concrete, hesitate to build them out of stone, pritesannye without special care. However, this imperfect arch is a risk to build only the small bays of the aisles,when it comes to the main aisle, begin fluctuations, the implementation becomes difficult, stability is questionable. Resort to various tricks. Continue reading