The Cathedral of the twentieth century
Not one among several, and the only one designed by the architect such as built in évry (Evry), 30 km South from Paris.
Hearing about it was in the year of completion of construction, 1995. Then in June I went to the place to “see” with Evry Hiking in the cathedrals, which I then took.
Because Paris has its “Golden ring” – the cathedrals, the Gothic, separated from the capital of 80-150 km, the main features of repeating of Notre Dame. Feature its Gothic – the lack of the spires on the towers; they have the “perfect Gothic Cathedral” (the word Viole-Le-Duc) – Chartres. In Saint-Denis, however, were the spires, until one of them broke the zipper in the early 19th century.
The Cathedral of Evry summer. Continue reading
The legacy of ancient Greek architecture is the basis for all further development of world architecture and related monumental art. The reasons for this sustained impact of Greek architecture lie in its objective qualities: simplicity, truthfulness, clarity of the compositions, the harmoniousness and proportionality of total and forms of all parts, in plasticity organic connection of architecture and sculpture, in close unity of the architectural and aesthetic and structural-tectonic elements sooruzheniy. Ancient Greek architecture featured a full line of forms and their design bases, were a whole. Basic design — stone blocks of which the walls were laid. Columns, entablature (lying on the support column overlap) treated with different profiles, has acquired the decorative details, enriched with sculpture. The Greeks brought the processing of architectural structures and fixtures to the highest degree of perfection and refinement. These structures can be called giant works of jewelry art, in which the master was nothing minor. Continue reading
Stained glass is a major form of artistic glass in the Gothic era; this is partly explained by the fact that, unlike Romanesque architecture, Gothic Church buildings increases the area of Windows. Compared with Romanesque stained glass Windows in Gothic more condensed notes and deep color. So, darken the blue color, and unpainted glass appear occasionally and are used to obtain brilliant points. Thus for the sake of saving often used grisaille, and not only in borders, where they are used to put by a brush of vegetable ornament, but also for backgrounds. In the twelfth century for the purpose of stained glass was the coverage, in the thirteenth century its function changed: it is designed to teach decorating. At high altitude we often see images of people in cresciute placed under the arcades or under the arch. Purely ornamental elements — veteniary ornament, finials, palmettos are becoming increasingly rare. In the XIV century on the borders of the stained glass Windows there are small human figures.
Great Gothic cathedrals of France were created in one of the most colourful and dynamic eras of Western civilization. Gained strength the process of becoming secular world, in a way comparable to modern. However, the spiritual side was strong and full of life. Continue reading