The legacy of ancient Greek architecture is the basis for all further development of world architecture and related monumental art. The reasons for this sustained impact of Greek architecture lie in its objective qualities: simplicity, truthfulness, clarity of the compositions, the harmoniousness and proportionality of total and forms of all parts, in plasticity organic connection of architecture and sculpture, in close unity of the architectural and aesthetic and structural-tectonic elements sooruzheniy. Ancient Greek architecture featured a full line of forms and their design bases, were a whole. Basic design — stone blocks of which the walls were laid. Columns, entablature (lying on the support column overlap) treated with different profiles, has acquired the decorative details, enriched with sculpture. The Greeks brought the processing of architectural structures and fixtures to the highest degree of perfection and refinement. These structures can be called giant works of jewelry art, in which the master was nothing minor. Continue reading
With the construction of St. Isaac’s Cathedral due to the emergence of a number
publications. On the facade they correspond to eight six-column
the porticos. Indian, Gothic taste, Byzantine style and style
Renaissance I. Montferrand has begun to develop working drawings and
the model of the Cathedral . Gothic architecture — Wikipedia * From city cathedrals first in the Gothic style.
Plan (no Western entrance, entrance from the side of the facade, the courtyard is for
Cathedral. the names of forgotten medieval masters, drawings
buildings of the . Continue reading
Babylon for centuries was the political, cultural and scientific center of the ancient East . the capital of the Babylonian Empire, the famous “gates of Ishtar”, “the hanging gardens of Babylon”, the ziggurat “Etemenanki” – “the tower of Babel”.
Babylon was the capital of the scientific, world-famous for his unique expertise in astrology, geometry, geography, navigation, and cuneiform.
According To Herodotus . visited Babylon about the middle of V century BC, the city stretched along both banks of the Euphrates as a huge quadrangle. Two rows of the Babylonian wall had a length of about 90 kilometers.
In the early 1900’s the German expedition of archaeologist Robert Koldewey discovered a third belt of the Babylonian wall. His thick, they are not inferior to the walls of the Assyrian Dur Sharrukin . If all the bricks of the walls to pull in one line, it would have girded the globe at the equator 12 – 15 times. Continue reading