Nature in architecture
Architecture with birth carries the idea of domination over the native environment. The first extant building type of the stone age, which counts the time history of architecture, — menhirs, upright block of stone. She proudly declares itself in the surrounding landscape, underlined by contrasting the horizontal of the earth its aspiration to the sky. This may sound naive, but from here, from the menhir, has direct access to the Russian bell towers, Gothic cathedrals and the skyscrapers of Manhattan.
Starting with the archaic pore architecture has always sought to master the landscape, occupy a most favorable position to become dominant. Castle, Church, manor invariably find their place on an elevated point of relief, as if mastering a natural situation and spreading around the specific field of his architectural influence. Little has changed the merits of this approach. One of the founders of modern architecture — Le Corbusier said, commenting on his plan: architecture spreads its waves in the surrounding natural landscape like a sounding bell.
Has changed — the situation of the architectural structures, stand-alone in nature, was a unique and highly unusual. The most common case was the staging of buildings in the city, in close proximity with other buildings. The city forms a special type of artificial landscape, in which, if polzovatelya Corbusier, multiple overlay and architectural complex refraction of waves. There could hardly make out the “sound” coming from facilities, he sinks into a General buzz.
At first, while the city was relatively small, the urban landscape still reproduced the main characteristic features of the natural situation. Dominant constructions recorded the main points of the natural topography, the buildings emphasized the slopes of the hills and river floodplain. But the city grew, grew its construction, spreading to ever new areas, levelling of uneven terrain, pounding in the pipes underground streams and even rivers. Now it was a world almost completely lost visual contact with his natural force, is the second nature is that buried the first, real.
It gradually became unclear, what is more — street of open spaces or closed spaces enclosed in walls of buildings. In any case, the latter was more protected from fumes, noise and other impacts of urbanization.
And then nature, which had receded far beyond the city turned its streets, enclosed in a miserable reservation of city parks, suddenly began to revive within the structures. The buildings have extended the walls, removed the floors, they despised all the canons of utilitarianism to accept — no, not yet nature, but at least the symbols of nature.
The foliage of trees and fountains make noise inside buildings. Such constructions already done. Huge, to the height of several floors, a hall with winter garden and fountain has become almost a mandatory element of a large, modern hotel or office building. This can be seen in the world trade centre in Moscow. There are also more modest examples of building design organizations in Minsk.
Nature has entered into architecture. At the cost of considerable costs and financial and energy costs (excess capacity!), and complex construction, and special engineering equipment. Why this waste? Socio-psychological factors? The desire to surprise, advertising? Perhaps partly it is. But why in this way? Because in every, even on a very random whim of fashion has its own deep pattern. Maybe, behind all this there appeared to be a trend that gives the opportunity to get ahead, to anticipate the development objective of coming events?
Nature in architecture. Let us ponder the meaning of this paradoxical formula, which puts on its head the traditional concept of architectural space. What by definition must be outside, is inside. The environment is inside the house. All mixed, faces lose clarity. The interior of the structure becomes its face, in fact his facade. The construction is turned inside out. In fact, it ceases to be a house and becomes a separated part of the urban area. Fenced off — so far. Space structures is going to become the space of the city.
And the focus, the culmination of this space are a mirror of water, a tree, a piece of land — the particles of nature, let small, but real. Starting with the idea of invasion into nature, architecture gives the Holy of holies of your inner space for life-giving nature of the invasion. Here really — nature drive in the door, it will go out the window.
In the colourful and abundant flow of architectural searches today is not always easy to distinguish between accidental husk of a valid, healthy grain future. But one thing is clear — a new attitude toward nature largely transforms the nature of the architecture itself. Visible evidence of this is the garden that blooms inside the house.
Main idea: the great relay race
Architecture came to the people from ancient times.
More than once she dumped his usual form, to appear before them updated and full of energy. Antique order, Gothic arch mirror wall of a skyscraper. It seems that common — every time you have to start over, to learn everything from the beginning. Here and now, when the book came to an end, we look at the changeable face of architecture, once again trying to see her future.
Departing from the facade of rafting in a single unit of the spatial structure, adapting to the dynamic pace of life, to the specific needs of each and every one, opening itself towards the nature, the architecture is again prepared to become another. Such that we find it hard to imagine. And yet — as always, architecture.
Because, no matter how the architecture was changing, however it seemed similar to his own recent past, the principle remains the same. Every time she attempts to organize human space. Attempt to bring in secular physical world is what is peculiar to human nature, reason and feeling, logic and beauty. Where she got left her masterpieces. Where there, she began a new attempt.