The ancient ruins of the temple of Zoroastrians

Koy-krylgan-Kala – the Fortress of lost rams

In the vast expanses of the steppes of the Khorezm scattered ruins of a thousand fortresses, but truly unique are the ruins of a Fortress of lost rams – Koy-krylgan-Kala. The fortress was discovered by archaeologists accidentally Khorezm expedition in 1938. Archaeologists surprised, first of all, unprecedented in Khorezm form of an ancient building: a powerful citadel with the remnants of defensive walls were not square and not rectangular, as it used to see, and round. Outside the fortifications had the form of a correct circle in the center of which was the citadel, it was surrounded by an outer defensive wall with towers. The space between the Central building and the wall – “the ring” as it is called – was fully built up. The clay construction was enormous: the diameter of the Central building is 42 m, height in the best-preserved part was about 8 m, the diameter of the entire structure is about 90 m.

On the sandy dunes around the castle and its ruins were scattered thousands of fragments of magnificent pottery. On them, as well as other findings, in particular by the bronze arrowheads, were able to establish that before the archaeologists was the oldest known monuments of the ancient Khorezmian state. The earliest finds dated back to IV – III centuries BC.

In 1950 on the ruins of the fortress began a new adaptascope. As a result, it became clear that the fortress had two stages of its development. Early stage refers to the IV-III centuries BC. Second epoch of the fortress dates back to the first centuries B. C. it Was found that in the early stages of development of the Central part of the fortress was destroyed by fire. Still, it remains a mystery whether it was accidental or intentional.

Koy-krylgan-Kala was a powerful, well-fortified fortress with multiple defensive walls, which were destroyed, was possible to trace them only in a small area. This consolidation is typical of all monuments of antiquity and early medieval Khorezm.

Based on the research of archaeologists Fortress dead sheep is one of the oldest monuments of the ancient Khorezmian state, temple complex, partially fulfilling the role of the burial place of some ancient king or Queen.

The population of the fortress were Zoroastrians who honors the goddess of water and rivers, the sun, and Anahita, the deity Siyavush. What is interesting in this monument, is the location of the Central complex. Its Western part was erected in honor of the goddess Anahita, and the Eastern and southern part, facing the sunrise in honor of the sun God Siyavush, what is largely demonstrated by the statues and fragments of vessels with images of gods.

The history of the fortress Koy-krylgan-Kala dates back millennia. Here were found the remains of the most ancient ossuaries in Central Asia, paintings and inscriptions in ancient Khorezmian language. This fortress is still a mystery of history and is unique in its design among other fortresses of Ancient Khorezm .

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