The most ancient churches of Rome

The Temple Of The Dioscuri

The temple dedicated to the Dioscuri (sons of Jupiter), Castor and Pollux was built in the late V century BC in honor of the most important in the history of Rome’s victory over Tarquinia Proud, the last Roman king. Since ancient times thought of the Dioscuri, patrons of sailors and soldiers who were in the storms and battles to help and very quickly brought the news of the victory. According to a legend, the Dioscuri had helped to banish the cruel tyrant of Rome and to change the form of government Republican.

The Temple Of The Dioscuri. The altar and the source of Juturna

The Temple Of Saturn

One of the most ancient religious buildings of Ancient Rome, who were lucky enough to survive to the present day, is considered the temple of Saturn. Its ruins can be seen in the Roman Forum. Saturn — the God of earth and fertility, in ancient times was particularly revered by the Romans, he erected temples, and his name was called new town. According to legend, in ancient times Italy was called Stornoway the ground.

The Temple Of Saturn

The temple of Saturn was built at the foot of the Capitoline hill in the second half of V century BC. During its history, the building is often burned during the fire, but it was restored. Today survived only a few columns of the portico and part of the Foundation. On the frieze you can see nadpisy Latin:

which translated reads as: “the Senate and people of Rome destroyed by fire regained “.

In the Republican period the temple housed the Treasury, where he kept not only the Roman Treasury, but also important government documents.

The Temple Of Portuna

The temple of Portuna is one of the few ancient structures that managed to survive to the present day. In Roman mythology, Parton was the God of doors, keys and livestock, guard entrances and exits. The temple is Bullish on the forum . In Republican times this was once a small port and market, which was carried out brisk trade in cattle.

The first temple of Portuna appeared in the III century BC, however, it is a construction that can be seen today, dates from the I century BC From the previous structures are preserved only part of the Foundation, found during excavations.

The temple is the oldest, extant, marble building in Rome. It was built around 120 BC, in a Bull forum, near the temple of Portuna. Dedicated to the hero of Greek mythology, deified Hercules, whose worship through the Greek colonists spread in Italy.

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