What ancient buildings are included in the list of the seven wonders of the world?
Seven wonders of the world – this is a list of the most famous sights of antiquity (antiquity – Greco-Roman civilization, in all its manifestations). Lists of the seven wonders of the few, first appeared in the fourth century BC, but classical is like this: the Pyramid of Cheops, the Hanging gardens of Babylon, colossus of Rhodes, Mausoleum of Halicarnassus, lighthouse of Alexandria, Statue of Zeus at Olympia, Temple of Artemis at Ephesus.
Pyramid of Cheops – the only one of the “seven wonders of the world”, Dostoevskii to the present day. It is the greatest of the Egyptian pyramids. It was built from blocks of limestone, granite, basalt about twenty years. Before the construction of the Cathedral in Lincoln (England) in the fourteenth century, the pyramid of Cheops was the tallest building on earth.
The hanging gardens of Babylon. To secure a successful military Alliance, the Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar the Second married the daughter of the median king Amitis. It was for her, and created the famous hanging gardens. The gardens were arranged in the shape of a pyramid, consisting of four platforms that were supported by columns. The whole structure resembled venezuelai hill, with decorative waterfalls, which irrigated the lower tiers of the stands. The garden existed about dukstaite – first, he stopped to care, then the flood destroyed the pillars and the building collapsed.
The temple of Artemis was located in the Greek city of Ephesus (now Selcuk in Turkey). Money to build the first temple sacrificed the famous Croesus. The building was decorated with the best masters of his time, but the year 356 BC, Herostratus, a resident of Ephesus, in order to become famous burned the temple. The beginning of the third century BC, on the money of Alexander the great, the temple was fully restored, and in the third century of our trollers plundered by the Goths. Today the temple is preserved only the Foundation and one of the fragments recovered column.
The statue of Zeus at Olympia. This statue, the work of an outstanding Greek sculptor Phidias, in the temple of Olympian Zeus. The statue was of enormous size, the body of God was laid with slabs of pink ivory and it seemed alive. Zeus sat on a throne decorated with scenes from Greek myths. In the second century ad, a statue severely damaged in the earthquake, then the remains of the gold and ivory were stolen by the thieves.
The mausoleum at Halicarnassus. Was built on the tomb of the Carian ruler Mausolus, by order of his wife Artemisiifolia. Mausoleum of white marble stood until the thirteenth century, and then was destroyed by an earthquake.
The lighthouse of Alexandria. It was built on the island of Pharos near Alexandria in the third century BC. It was the world’s first lighthouse which showed ships the entrance to Alexandria Bay. The lighthouse was made in the form of a high quadrangular tower, the top of which burned a fire. His light using mirrors reflected the sea and showed the way for the sailors. The lighthouse stood for nearly a thousand years, and then was damaged by an earthquake. At the end of the fifteenth century on the site of the lighthouse built the fortress that stands today.
The Colossus Of Rhodes. The statue was 36 meters, she was depicted as the sun God, the patron Saint of the island, a young boy with a radiant crown upon her head. Created a statue of the Greek sculptor hares. Work on it lasted for twelve years. Fifty years later the statue was destroyed by an earthquake.